Assignment #3: Songs-Get Answer Now
There are 3 parts to this assignment.
Part II: and III are hands on where you will be making rhythm and creating.
When answering questions be sure to include the Part as I or II or II then the question number.
(5 pt.) Song #1: Old Mac Donald. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r1nLh_p4Mcc
A music phrase or stanza, which is similar to a sentence in grammar, is labeled by letters. The first phrase or the verse, in music, is phrase, A, the next and contrasting phrase is labeled, “phrase B”. Normally, phrase A returns after phrase B is sung or played. Every Phrase, A, or stanza A, in the song, “Old Mac Donald”, ends on E.I.E.I.O: The form of this song is typical to most “pop” songs where one hears phrase A then phrase A again followed by phrase B then phrase A just once. The AABA Phrase grouping repeats again and again until the song is over. A, melody is then repeated. Phrase B begins with the words, “with a quack, quack here” or whatever animal it might be. Then the (A) phrase returns. This happens throughout the song. It is easy to follow along. Don’t just be a typical “lazy ear” listener and get hung up on the lyrics. Keep in mind that most pop songs throughout our American pop music history contain the same form of AABA. PS, instrumental works use the same format as well, but often in a larger display. Copy and paste to browser. Answer this: What was your learning curve of successfully being able to hear the two parts, A and B?
(10 pt.) https://www.dropbox.com/s/z11kw3i9b25e6su/Review%20of%20scales%20and%20phrase%20form.mp4?dl=0 Review of scales and how they help create harmony in Western culture music then at timestamp 3:34 review of phrase form: Answer this: How did this video strengthen your learning curve concerning scales and phrases? Be sure to provide timestamp examples for both parts.
(10 pt.) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=__VQX2Xn7tI We’ve only just begun song form: Clearly there are two distinctly different parts in this piece, A and B repeated several times. The first phrase A vocal begins at timestamp 0:14 to about 0:36. The repeat of phrase A begins at 0:37 to 1:03. Phrase B, the contrasting phrase, begins at timestamp 1:04 to 1:27. Answer this: Describe the difference in mood, melody, dynamics, timbre, and tempo between Part A and Part B:
(5 Pt.) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WGU_4-5RaxU Heart of Glass Blondie: The A phrase or the A also known as a stanza runs from timestamp 0:18 to 0:25 and again 0:26 to 0:33. Phrase A is heard again two more times before the one minute mark. The (B) phrase begins at timestamp 1:00 to 1:16. One might argue that it is in two parts, but we will consider it just one part B from 1:00 to 1:16. The A phrase comes back at 1:25, Answer this: which phrase, A or B is being played at 2:01 by the instruments?
(10 pt.) Critical Listening adventure: Here is the song, All I ask of You, from “Phantom of the Opera” which is not an “opera”.
Copy and paste to browser. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zy1lWiHHHFY
Phrase A and B are given to you by way of timestamps: Become familiar with the melody of each, not the voice singing it, as they do switch.
Phrase A begins at counter number 0:15 to 0:33 with the male voice singing the phrase: What to listen for: The melody for phrase A begins with a step down then back to the first note then step up with note repeated followed by a big leap down and so on. Phrase A melody repeats from 0:33-0:50
Phrase B begins at 0:52-1:11 with female voice singing. What to listen for: The lyrics begin with, “Then say you love me”, as the first note leaps a large interval upward to the second note. Phrase B repeats from 1:12 -1:35 but is a little longer. (Not all sentences contain the same number of words).
Answer this: Identifying and label the phrase as A or B to the timestamps provided below: but be careful not to just associate the phrases with the voices. Become familiar with the actual melodies of each phrase. Include the timestamp with your answer;
1:52 to 2:06 with female voice
2:07 to 2:24 male voice
2:47 – 3:03 female voice
3:30 played by the Orchestra and joined by vocals at the end.
Your turn to experiment improvise and create simple patterns: Time for you to make rhythm and pitches: Instructions: Set up to 3 wine glasses or other types of drinking glasses that create a clear pitch when tapping then two or three pots or pans or objects that create some pitch variance. Begin filling the glass ware with water at different levels while tapping them with pencil or pen making sure that each glass creates a different pitch in sound. You may use just pots and pans that create a different sound from one another or objects that produce a pitch.
Next: You may wish to use both hands:
First effort: Speak the following months out loud and tap the rhythm. As you will notice, the following months contain only one syllable. That is your beat.! months: June, June, June, June or May, May, May, May; The rhythm and the beat are now one and the same or quarter note rhythms.
Now syllabify the month of April while tapping the heartbeat. It contains two syllables to one heartbeat. It’s the like the Tee-Tee from video week 1. Next, alternate between April and August while tapping the heartbeat.
Next, syllabify alternating between January and February each to one heart beat. Note that each of these months contains 4-syllables. Repeat these months to one heart-beat several times. Now you are speaking 16h notes, or four 16ths to one heartbeat. Try this at various tempos.
Now the month of September: Notice that it does not start on the foot tapping the ground but the “Sep” begins just before the beat. The syllable, tem, is on the down of the beat while ber and Sep are on the up of the beat. The same works for October November and December.
(10 pt.) Answer this: Describe your success or difficulty with the “months”, the heartbeat and syllabic rhythm. If you tried it only once, you are not entitled to answer the question.
Second Task: creating Meters, not rhythm, just meter and measure.
To play the glasses or other objects, the letter L is used to indicate the left hand tap and R to indicate right hand tap.
Creating a meter: metric heart-beat of 2 beats per measure first. Be sure that beat #1 is always a little stronger in all metric patterns. While playing, count the two beat pattern out loud as a steady one-two or left-right, over and over. L-R-L-R-L-R-L-R- or if you prefer, R-L.
Third Task: try 3- metric heart beats or three beats per measure: Count and play 1-2-3 or left-right-right or L-R-R-, L-R-R or if you prefer, R-L-L over and over. Be sure that beat one is always a little louder. Always count the beats out loud.
Fourth Task: an asymmetric or 5-beat meter pattern common in the music of India, Africa, Eastern Europe, and 20th-21st century classical music plus some jazz and on a very rare occasion, rock or pop so long as no one is asked to dance to it. Alternate between a three and 2 beat pattern. Begin with left-right-right- left-right: Play the following meter pattern DO NOT PAUSE after each 5 beats, it is a continuous flow. All too often students want to make it a comfortable American pop meter pattern by pausing after the L-R-R-L-R instead of continuing with the pattern without a pause. This is the fault of a conditioned response that is set up in pop music.
Fifth Task: Tap and speak the letters over and over: L- R-R-L-R-, L-R-R-L-R
Now a 7-beat patter: L- R-R-L-R-L-R, L- R-R-L-R-L-R: but no pause after the last R of each group of 7. Do this over and over until you are successful.
(5 pt.) Answer this: What did you discover about just keeping a steady beat and playing just a meter pattern? We did not include any rhythm patterns within these metric patterns.
(10 pt.) Answer this: Of the “tasks”, rate from easiest to most difficult for you and why?
Part III: Speaking and tapping: Next do this: Speak the following months out loud and tap the rhythm. As you will notice, the following months contain only one syllable. That is your heartbeat! Speak the months, tap your foot and tap a pot or glass. June, June, June, June, May, May, May, May; The rhythm and the beat are now one and the same or quarter note rhythms. A no brainer!
Next: Now tap the heartbeat with your foot while speaking the two syllables in the month of April. Do this several times in succession. Try tapping and speaking the syllables but keeping the singe heartbeat in the foot. May or June is like a rhythmic Ta from last week’s video and April is like Tee-Tee. Next, alternate between April and August while tapping the heartbeat.
Four syllables: Next, syllabify alternating between January and February each to one heartbeat. Note that each of these months contains 4-syllables. Repeat these months to one heart-beat several times. Now you are speaking 16h notes, or four 16ths to one heartbeat. Try this at various tempos, speed of heartbeat.
The hiccup rhythm: Now the month of September: Notice that it does not start on the foot tapping the ground but the “Sep” begins just before the beat. The syllable, tem, is on the down of the beat while ber and Sep are on the up of the beat. The same works for October November and December.
(10 pt.)Answer this: Describe your success or difficulty and progress with the “months”, the heartbeat and syllabic rhythm’s. If you tried it only once, you are not entitled to answer the question.
2. (5 pt. ) Answer this: Were these hands on projects in rhythm useful towards the understanding of rhythm making ? Why or why not
Now let’s use an ostinato rhythm: Ostinato is when one part plays the same exact rhythm on the same exact pitches over and over. It’s used by most societies in Music. The African “Bell Pattern” was an Ostinato. Another great example is this piece by Chopin, pronounced, (Show-pan). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p_iI1J0bALE Watch and listen from timestamp 3:17 to 4:25 as the left hand play the ostinato while the right hand-part plays the actual music. (As a side note, the Nazis outlawed the playing of Chopin’s music in Poland.) This was another example of cancel culture rampant in history.
3. (5 pt.) Answer this: What was the most challenging part hearing and watching the pianist play Chopin?
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