immunology HW

1.Describe the differences between naïve and activated/effector T cells in terms of the mechanism via which they enter PLOs and infected tissues, respectively, contrasting the intercellular molecular interactions that take place for each class of cells. 2.Explain the function of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) in the migration of naïve and activated/effector and how the therapeutic agent fingolimod interferes with these functions. 3.Explain why transfer of cells, but not serum, from an immune animal to a naïve animal confers immunity to phagocytosed bacteria. Which cells are directly responsible for conferring the specific immunity and which are directly responsible for bacterial eradication? 4.Explain the difference between autocrine, paracrine, and endocrine cytokine action, describing the scenarios and potential consequences of the latter of the three. 5.Explain the importance of cytokine pleiotropism and redundancy. 6.Explain the factors that determine which subset of effector helper T cells emerges when a naïve T cell differentiates 7.Name the cytokine that serves as an autocrine factor to promote proliferation and differentiation of all T cells, and the cytokine that is the primary product of Th1 cells. What is the primary target and functions of the latter and what innate cell produces the same cytokine to assist in microbial eradication? 8.Describe the important intercellular interactions that occur between Th1 cells and their target cells that lead to activation of the latter. . 9.Describe the mechanism of delayed-type hypersensitivity. 10. Describe the cytokines, Igs, and type of helper T cell and leukocyte involved in eradicating helminths and their actions in these immune responses. 11. Describe the cytokines, Igs, and type of helper T cell and leukocyte involved in allergic responses and their actions in these immune responses. 12. Describe the types of therapeutic agents being developed for asthma and other allergic responses and what they target. 13. Describe the type of helper T cell that ensures the proper eradication of leishmaniasis and leprosy. What type of leprosy develops when the wrong T cell response is elicited against Mycobacterium leprae? 14. Describe the primary functions and microbial targets of the Th17 subset of CD4 T cells and the types of conditions that develop when this subset of T cells is defective and why. 15. Describe the mechanism via which CD8 CTLs induce apoptosis of its target cells and what molecular changes are the ultimate result of apoptosis. 16. Describe the concept of T cell exhaustion and its role in immune responses.

Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

Quality Papers

We value our clients. For this reason, we ensure that each paper is written carefully as per the instructions provided by the client. Our editing team also checks all the papers to ensure that they have been completed as per the expectations.

Professional Academic Writers

Over the years, our Acme Homework has managed to secure the most qualified, reliable and experienced team of writers. The company has also ensured continued training and development of the team members to ensure that it keep up with the rising Academic Trends.

Affordable Prices

Our prices are fairly priced in such a way that ensures affordability. Additionally, you can get a free price quotation by clicking on the "Place Order" button.

On-Time delivery

We pay strict attention on deadlines. For this reason, we ensure that all papers are submitted earlier, even before the deadline indicated by the customer. For this reason, the client can go through the work and review everything.

100% Originality

At Graduate Assistants, all papers are plagiarism-free as they are written from scratch. We have taken strict measures to ensure that there is no similarity on all papers and that citations are included as per the standards set.

Customer Support 24/7

Our support team is readily available to provide any guidance/help on our platform at any time of the day/night. Feel free to contact us via the Chat window or support email:

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

Graduate Assistants has stood as the world’s leading custom essay writing services providers. Once you enter all the details in the order form under the place order button, the rest is up to us.


Essay Writing Services

At Graduate Assistants, we prioritize on all aspects that bring about a good grade such as impeccable grammar, proper structure, zero-plagiarism and conformance to guidelines. Our experienced team of writers will help you completed your essays and other assignments.


Admission and Business Papers

Be assured that you’ll definitely get accepted to the Master’s level program at any university once you enter all the details in the order form. We won’t leave you here; we will also help you secure a good position in your aspired workplace by creating an outstanding resume or portfolio once you place an order.


Editing and Proofreading

Our skilled editing and writing team will help you restructure you paper, paraphrase, correct grammar and replace plagiarized sections on your paper just on time. The service is geared toward eliminating any mistakes and rather enhancing better quality.


Technical papers

We have writers in almost all fields including the most technical fields. You don’t have to worry about the complexity of your paper. Simply enter as much details as possible in the place order section.